This guidance is intended to provide guidelines for contractors, architects, and property owners interested in increasing C&D reuse and recycling. The scope of this guidance covers a range of types of projects and project scales. It covers deconstruction, demolition and renovation projects, the reuse of building materials and donation of usable materials, on-site source separation of C&D material, and mixed C&D recycling.

Massachusetts Waste Bans

1990年,马萨诸塞州环境保护部(MassDep)在储填埋和燃烧储蓄和有毒物质的填埋和燃烧中介绍了第一个禁令。万博平台网址多少随着时间的推移,额外的“垃圾禁令”已逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步逐步。禁止在施工,拆迁或改造项目中万博平台网址多少遇到的以下材料和物品,以便在马萨诸塞州出售和/或转移:

  • asphalt pavement, brick & concrete (ABC)
  • ferrous & non-ferrous metal
  • treated & untreated wood & wood waste (banned from landfills only)
  • clean gypsum wallboard
  • 可回收纸,纸板和纸板
  • white goods (large appliances)
  • 阴极射线管(CRT)
  • lead acid batteries
  • glass & metal containers
  • 单树脂窄颈塑料
  • whole tires (banned from landfills only)
  • 叶和院子浪费

这些材料必须万博平台网址多少从处置中转移。有关废物禁令的更多信息可以在MassDep网站上找到:
Your Business and the Waste Bans: What You Need to Know
FAQ About the Massachusetts Construction and Demolition Materials Waste Bans

Hazardous Materials

When working on a building demolition, deconstruction, or remodeling project, it is important to safely handle hazardous materials such as lead, asbestos, mercury, and PCBs.

为了防止产生滋扰灰尘或危险空气污染物的排放,Massdep要求所有者/运营商提交一个建筑/拆迁通知on aBWP AQ06 formprior to the construction or demolition of any building except for a residential structure with fewer than 20 units. Additionally, the EPA also requires notification of the demolition of any building except residential structures with fewer than 4 units. Both the EPA and the MassDEP requirements can be satisfied by filing a MassDEP BWP AQ06 notification. Please note that, in a separate but related regulation, the MassDEP Asbestos Regulation (310 CMR 7.15) requires that prior to any demolition or renovation, the owner/operator must engage a Department of Labor Standards (DLS) certified asbestos inspector to conduct a thorough pre-demolition/renovation asbestos survey to identify all asbestos-containing material (ACM) that may be present so that it can be properly managed.

有关危险材料的进一步监管和指导,请参阅以下资源:万博平台网址多少

Asbestos
劳工标准(DLS)Asbestos Program
MassDEPAsbestos & Construction/Demolition Information

Lead
劳工标准(DLS)Deleading and Lead Safety Requirements and Information
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)Lead Safe Renovation, Repair and Painting Guide

Mercury
MassDEPMercury Management Actand additionalMercury Information
EPABefore You Tear it Down, Get the Mercury Out Guidefor pre-demolition removal of mercury-containing products such as thermostats and fluorescent light bulbs
这rmostat Recycling Corporationoffers free mercury-containing thermostat recycling, reporting, and compliance assistance.

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs)
大众公共卫生部PCBs in Building Materials
EPA建筑材料中的多氯联苯万博平台网址多少

Creating Waste Management Plans

废物管理计划可以是有益的帮助maximize reuse and recycling by identifying materials that can be diverted from disposal, potentially saving money on disposal costs. With a waste management plan you can determine what materials you will generate in advance and identify specific waste diversion opportunities for those materials, be it through reuse, source separation, or mixed C&D recycling. The Reuse Network (IRN) shares this samplewaste management planandbuilding specs用于管理废料。万博平台网址多少虽然解构,拆迁,装修和清洁之间存在差异,但废物管理计划看起来与不同类型的项目之间相似。

在将项目置于投标之前,在投标规范中填写并将其纳入余量管理计划,以最大限度地提高废物转移。以下是创建废物管理计划所涉及的基本步骤:

  1. Determine likely waste materials from the project, along with projected quantities of each material
  2. 确定媒体和市场材料(如r万博平台网址多少euse outlets, C&D processors, specialty material recyclers)
  3. Determine transportation needs
  4. Write a waste management plan to be followed by contractors and waste haulers involved in the project

解构和拆迁

For projects involving renovation or tear-down of an existing structure, there is significant potential for material reuse. Reuse might include anything from furniture inside a structure, to easily-removed items like cabinets and doors, to the lumber that holds up a building.

In order to remove materials in such a way that they can be reused, consider a pre-demolition clean-out and some level of deconstruction rather than demolition. In apre-demolition clean-out,家具从建筑物中取出销售或捐赠。对于大量的家具,材料经纪人可以通过重用商店在本地管理的情况下,在全国或国外将这种材料与出口连接。万博手机手机登录app有关与家具的重复使用插座连接的更多信息,请参阅RECYCLINGWORKS'万博手机手机登录appFurniture and Office Equipment Reuse Guidance

Demolition涉及撕毁一个结构,将其内容放在垃圾箱中,并将其拖走。当采取C&D处理设施时,可以对这些材料进行排序和恢复以进行回收,但这不太可能是可重复使用的。万博平台网址多少

Deconstructioninvolves taking a building apart, piece by piece. This can be anything from a软条那in which the most high-value and easy-to-remove materials are removed intact, to a full deconstruction, in which the entire structure is “un-built” to maximize reuse of existing materials. A list of deconstruction contractors offering deconstruction services in Massachusetts is at the bottom of this document in the resources section.

If considering deconstruction and reuse, include this in the specifications for a bid. The cost for demolition and deconstruction varies based on several factors, including labor cost (which is more expensive for deconstruction), disposal cost (which is less expensive for deconstruction), and tax deductions for donated materials. Assess whether deconstruction is comparable or less expensive than demolition for your project.

以下是拆除住宅物业的例子,来自这Reuse People of America,证明了在某些情况下,解构可能对整体项目预算产生有益的影响。在这个例子中,与捐赠材料的税收扣除的税收扣除,禁止解构成本的储蓄,与他们将支付的拆迁的拆除相比,储蓄的税收减免。万博平台网址多少请注意,该示例不包括去除混凝土板,人行道,基础或沥青。

Deconstruction可以适合具有高价值救护材料的建筑物,如稀有木材种类或高价值砖。万博平台网址多少由于拆迁机械相比,由于设备足迹较小,解构也可以适合密集城市地区的项目。环保署有一个Deconstruction Rapid Assessment Tool这可以帮助确定何时住宅物业可能是解构的好候选人。为了帮助增加未来的新建筑的可重用性和可回收性,看看EPA的解构指南设计

Material Reuse

这re are many ways to reuse materials from a job site, from informal reuse strategies to donating material to a nonprofit reuse store or building materials salvage store. Examples of informal reuse strategies include:

  • Reuse materials on-site
  • 保存用于未来项目的剩余材料万博平台网址多少
  • Offer materials for free or sale through networking sites such asCraigslistorfreecycle.
  • 将可重复使用的材料提供给当地转移站万博平台网址多少的“交换店”或“免费棚车”

万博平台网址多少材料通常可以捐赠给局部非营利的重用商店,例如万博手机手机登录app波士顿建筑资源生态化的讨价还价那or人类恢复的栖息地。这se stores accept donated materials that their customers (typically owners of residential properties) are likely to be interested in purchasing. Hence, reuse stores are a good outlet to consider for residential renovation or demolition projects, or a project that might contain materials that are often used in residences, such as hotels. Nonprofit reuse stores help divert reusable materials from disposal while also offering their customers access to affordably-priced building materials. Refer to Figure 1 to find non-profit reuse outlets in your area.

Figure 1

In many cases, a tax deduction can be taken when usable materials are donated to a nonprofit. To determine what materials are deductible, and how to determine their value, seeIRS Publication 523 – Charitable ContributionsandIRS Publication 561 – Determining the Value of Donated Property

这typical process for donating building materials is as follows:

  1. Assess whether your project may contain items of interest to a reuse store. See list of common items of interest below.
  2. 联系重复使用出口万博手机手机登录app(s)以安排在作业网站(或特定项目的照片)的演练以验证材料的兴趣。万博平台网址多少
  3. If donated materials may be valued at more than $5,000, have an appraiser determine their value. (This is necessary if interested in claiming $5,000 or more in tax deductions for the donation.)
  4. Remove materials from building intact.
  5. 在工作现场分开和商店捐赠材料。万博平台网址多少在拆除或解构期间考虑选址拖车,以拆除拆除物料。万博平台网址多少
  6. 安排拾音器(大多数重用插座将免费或标称充电拾取万博手机手机登录app材料,但必须在重复使用插座上提前几周预定几周。万博平台网址多少

While each outlet has specific materials that they accept, the items below are generally accepted by all reuse stores. See specific store websites or contact them directly for more detailed information on materials they accept.

高度捐赠需求的建筑万博平台网址多少材料是:

  • 木材/成型 - 脱钉,部分大于6'
  • Hardwood flooring
  • Kitchen cabinets and sinks
  • Bathrooms sinks, vanities, tubs, and toilets (particularly low-flow)
  • Stone or solid-surface countertops
  • Residential doors
  • Energy efficient windows
  • 景观材料,摊铺机和石万博平台网址多少头
  • Newer appliances
  • 照明灯具
  • 刚性泡沫保温

For materials that are not of interest to local reuse stores, there are other types of outlets that can help facilitate reuse. A list of these organizations can be found at the end of this page under the resources section.

  • Architectural salvage stores:Sometimes can accept materials that nonprofit reuse outlets will not, such as items that contain lead paint or varnish and may need to be stripped. These stores are interested in items that are of architectural interest, and may offer a wholesale price to purchase items that are in particularly good shape and high value.
  • 木头打捞业务:Potential outlet for large quantities of reclaimed wood, such as from mill buildings. Will offer a price depending upon the volume, type, and condition of wood.
  • 材料经纪人:Potential outlet for large volumes of materials, particularly commercial materials, or institutional furniture removed during pre-construction clean-outs.
  • 二手家具店:在某些情况下,装修或解构项目可能会产生可用的家具,即建筑材料再利用商店不接受。万博手机手机登录app在这些案例中,使用的家具店或使用的办公室供应商店可能有兴趣拍摄该材料进行转售。

有关重用建筑材料的更多信息,包括技术信息和温室气体排放量计算器,可以找到万博平台网址多少the Building Materials Reuse Association网站。

C&D Recycling

马萨诸塞州的大多数C&D回收通过C&D废物处理器完成。Massdep帖子annual C&D reportsthat show the recycling rate for each facility. See the first pdf posted under “C&D Reports & Data” for the most recent available annual data. There are distinct differences between C&D processors and C&D transfer stations – C&D processors use various manual and mechanical processes to separate recyclable material from the loads they receive, and send the recovered recyclable materials to end markets. For example, clean wood may be sent to a particle board manufacturer. C&D transfer stations generally do not do comprehensive sorting of the C&D material, and while they may separate some materials from the waste stream, they transfer a majority of the C&D waste to either a C&D processor or an end disposal site. C&D processing facilities are effective at sorting a variety of materials, such as metal, wood, and rigid plastics. Refer to Figure 2 to identify permitted C&D processors and transfer stations in your area.

Figure 2

一些材料对万博平台网址多少C&D处理器来说是具有挑战性的,可以处理和分开,并且可以更好地候选人在工作现场上分开收集。这被称为源分离。通过分离某些材料,您可以提高项目的整体回收率。万博平台网址多少这Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) v4.1 standards要求旨在接收LEED认证目标的项目两种或三种特定材料流从处置转移。万博平台网址多少混合C&D回收,如Massachusetts的实践,可以算作LEED认证所需的材料流之一。

在与搬运工签订拆除建筑和拆卸材料时,请询问他们的材料交付的位置以及他们有哪些服务。万博平台网址多少举行机器将能够告诉您他们是否将混合容器带到C&D处理设施以及它们是否为源分离材料提供容器,如清洁石膏和纸板。万博平台网址多少

Source Separation

Source separation of some materials, such as asphalt, brick and concrete (ABC), is common practice in many demolition projects. A number of other C&D materials are also candidates for source separation, such as gypsum wallboard and cardboard, which allows materials to enter the recycling stream more directly than sending them through a C&D processor. Most projects that source separate some materials will have two or three collection containers on-site at a time, including one for mixed C&D collection and others that rotate depending upon the stage in the project. For example, a larger renovation project might place a container for collecting ABC materials during demolition, then later site a container for gypsum wallboard cut-offs while drywalling, and finally a cardboard container during installation of finish materials. Each of these containers would be on-site for a fixed portion of the project. If space constraints do not allow for more than one dumpster, some haulers offer live-loading, in which materials are loaded into a truck while the hauler waits. Contractors should include dumpster staging in the construction planning and timeline to optimize source separation.

While many materials can be source separated, consider source separation for the following particular materials that may present difficulties对建发处理器或以更高的速度被回收if collected separately on-site:

Resources

有许多资源和组织可以找到更多信息和协助,并提供建筑和拆卸材料的重用和回收。万博平台网址多少万博手机手机登录app以下是其他资源和组织列表。如果您对从处置中转移建筑和拆卸材料有任何疑问,请在1-888-254-5525或电子邮件中致电Recyclingworks热线万博平台网址多少info@www.nb-silong.com.

一般信息
EPA报告:建设和拆迁材料恢复的实践状态
Building Materials Reuse Association

非营利性重用网点万博手机手机登录app
波士顿建筑资源
生态化的讨价还价(Springfield)
Habitat for Humanity Restore: Attleboro
人类栖息地恢复:CAPE COD
Habitat for Humanity ReStore: Central Berkshire
Habitat for Humanity ReStore: Greater Boston
Habitat for Humanity ReStore: Greater Lowell
人类恢复的栖息地:更大的普利茅斯
Habitat for Humanity ReStore: Merrimack Valley
人类栖息地恢复:Metrowest / Greater Welcester
人类栖息地恢复:马萨诸塞州北部
人类居住恢复:南岸
Habitat for Humanity ReStore: Springfield

Material Brokers
格里国际
IRN The Reuse Network
Repurposed Materials
Re-Stream
这Furniture Trust

Architectural Salvage
Nor’East Architectural
Restoration Resources

Wood Salvage
宾厄姆木材
Experienced Brick & Stone
Longleaf木材
18th和19.thCentury Recycling

解构承包商
Costello Dismantling Co
解构作品
Details Deconstruction
J&B Demolition and Removal
Mad Dog Demolition
New England Deconstruction
ReUse People of America
Urban Miners
Well-Kamp Enterprises, Inc
NASDI

关于这个文件

这RecyclingWorks in Massachusetts program worked with state and local officials, salvage and reuse outlets, contractors, construction & demolition (C&D) processors and haulers, architects, and other stakeholders to develop this consensus-based guidance on how to increase C&D materials reuse and recycling in the Commonwealth. In 2016, RecyclingWorks in Massachusetts held three stakeholder meetings across the state in Boston, Worcester, and Springfield. RecyclingWorks also partnered with a number of associations to convene stakeholder sessions for their members or audience. Hosts for these sessions included: National Association of the Remodeling Industry – Eastern Mass Chapter, USGBC Massachusetts Chapter, Northeast Sustainable Energy Association, Associated General Contractors of Massachusetts, Western Mass Green Consortium, Cape Cod Cooperative Extension, Home Builders and Remodelers Association of Western Mass, and Boston Society of Architects.

For recycling assistance, or to provide feedback about these guidelines, please contact RecyclingWorks at (888) 254-5525 orinfo@www.nb-silong.com
Page last modified July 2020