Use Industry Standards

RecyclingWorks从已发表的报告和研究中收集了行业数据,这些数据可用于指导目前很少或没有食品废物转移计划的设施。此工具的目的是帮助马萨诸塞州的企业和机构确定他们是否可能受到万博下载客户端Massachusetts Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban. 实际产生的食物万博下载客户端垃圾可能因企业而异。如果您的企业目前正在跟踪或转移食物垃圾,您可以处理的食物垃圾比行业平均值指示的要少。

We will continue to refine and add metrics as updated or improved data becomes available. This tool was last updated in June 2020. View a list of thesources usedin developing our food waste estimation guide.

Individual results may vary depending on preparation methods and materials, reuse of leftovers, and type of food service. For example, a tray-less dining policy reduces post-consumer food waste in cafeterias compared with traditional tray service. In addition, the use of a garbage disposal, or similar technology, in a kitchen reduces the overall amount of food waste going into the trash.

单击下面列出的最适合您的业务的行业。对于许多行业,你会看到几种估算食物浪费的方法,这些方法基于你提供的食物数量、你有多少员工或你的企业产生的总浪费量等因素。交叉检查不同的方法,以获得对您的企业可能产生的食物浪费量的最佳估计万博下载客户端.

Assisted Living Facilities

高校

Corporate Cafeterias

Correctional Facilities

中小学

Hospitals

住宿和酒店

餐厅

超市和杂货店

场馆和活动

Assisted Living Facilities

单击此处for a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for nursing homes.

辅助生活设施估算公式

If you serve3334餐in one week, then:

0.6磅/顿*3334顿/周=2000磅/周=一周内1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you serve10,000 lbs of foodin one week, then:

20%的食物供应*10000磅/周=2000磅/周=一周内1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you have159张床位,然后:

1.8磅/床/天*159张床=286磅/天

286磅/天*7天/周=2002磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you have219 employees,然后:

475磅/员工/年*219名员工=104025磅/年

104,025 lbs/year ÷ 52 weeks/year = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per year

1这个指标使用床作为一个代理占l food waste generated across the nursing home by residents, staff, and visitors.

2This metric uses the equivalent number of full-time employees as a proxy to account for all food waste generated across the nursing home by residents, staff, and visitors.

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高校

单击此处for a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for colleges and universities.

colleges and universities estimation formulas

If you have430students living on campus,然后:

141.75 lbs/student/year * 430 residential students = 60,953 lbs/year

60953磅/年÷ 30周/年=2031磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you have1,600住在校外的学生,然后:

37.8磅/学生/年*1600名非住宿学生=60480磅/年

60480磅/年÷ 30周/年=2016磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

注意:The equations based on number of students (above) assume a steady level of food consumption over a 30-week academic year. If this is not the case at your institution, the number of weeks should be adjusted to reflect your operations.

1This metric assumes 405 meals per residential student per year.

2该指标假设每个非住宿学生每年有108顿饭。
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Corporate Cafeterias

单击此处对于可打印的,请填写本公司自助餐厅商业食品废物处理禁令阈值估算指南的版本。万博下载客户端

公司食堂估计公式

If you serve4,000 mealsin one week, then:

0.625 lbs/meal * 4,000 meals served/week = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

10.625磅/餐是EPA公司自助餐厅平均估计值的中位数(范围为0.5-0.75磅/餐)。

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Correctional Facilities

单击此处如需打印,请填写本《惩教设施商业食物废物处置禁令阈值估算指南》。万博下载客户端

correctional facilities estimation formulas

If you house286名囚犯,然后:

1磅/餐*286名囚犯=286磅/天

286磅/天*7天/周=2002磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you fill两个垃圾桶,8立方码,每周两次,然后:

250lbs1*(2个垃圾桶*8码)*2辆皮卡/周)=每周处理的废物总量为8000磅

8000磅*总垃圾的30%=2400磅/周=一周内1.2吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

1基于处理废物重量的方程式假设重量为250 lbs/ydwaste. It is the lower range of the EPA’s standard conversion factor for uncompacted mixed MSW (residential, institutional, commercial): 1 ydmixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

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中小学

单击此处for a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for elementary and secondary schools.

注意:RecyclingWorks now provides separate per-student estimates for elementary, middle, and high schools based on data from the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources. The elementary and middle school per student estimates are higher than the 0.5 lbs/student/week metric from an earlier version of this tool. Anecdotal observations suggest that a combination of changes in the National School lunch program, shorter lunch periods, and more frequent breakfast in the classroom offerings have contributed to more food waste, particularly in elementary schools. When estimating food waste at your school, also take into account whether your school has a culinary education program, a centralized kitchen serving other locations, or serves a high percentage of students school lunch (rather than lunch brought from home), as these may result in more food waste.

schools estimation formulas

If you have1,770 elementary school students,然后:

1.13磅/学生/周*1770名学生=2000磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you have2740名中学生,然后:

0.73磅/学生/周*2740名学生=2000磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you have5,715 high school students,然后:

0.35磅/学生/周*5715名学生=2000磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you fill一个垃圾箱,10立方码,每周2次,然后:

2501lbs/yd*(10码)/trash dumpster * 2 trash dumpsters/week) = 5,000 lbs of total disposed waste/week

5,000 lbs * 45% of total waste = 2,250 lbs/week = 1.1 tons of food waste in one week

1基于处理废物重量的方程式假设重量为250 lbs/ydwaste. It is the lower range of the EPA’s standard conversion factor for uncompacted mixed MSW (residential, institutional, commercial): 1 ydmixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

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Hospitals

单击此处对于可打印的,请填写本商业食品废物处理禁令阈值估算指南的医院版本。万博下载客户端

医院估算公式

If you serve3334餐in one week, then:

0.6磅/顿*3334顿/周=2000磅/周=一周内1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you serve6667磅食物in one week, then:

30%的食物供应*6667磅/周=2000磅/周=一周内1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you have84 beds,然后:

3.42磅/床/天*84张床=287磅/天

287磅/天*7天/周=2009磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you have三60 full-time employees,然后:

290 lbs/employee/year * 360 employees = 104,400 lbs/year

104400磅/年÷ 52周/年=2008磅/周=每年1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

1这个指标使用床作为一个代理占l food waste generated across the hospital by patients, staff, and visitors.

2CalRecycle的2014年估计为290磅/员工/年。此指标使用全院全职员工的等效人数作为代理,以说明患者、员工和访客在全院产生的所有食物垃圾。万博下载客户端

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住宿和酒店

单击此处对于可打印的,请填写本商业食品废弃物处理禁令阈值估算指南的版本,适用于住宿和酒店。万博下载客户端

注意:Hotels that do not provide food service will typically generate less food waste than indicated in the below metrics. Therefore, you may choose to change these measures to best represent your operations.

住宿和酒店估算公式

If you have286位客人per day, then:

1lbs/guest/day * 286 guests = 286 lbs/day

286磅/天*7天/周=2002磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you have三01guest rooms,然后:

三45.64 lbs/room/year * 301 rooms = 104,037 lbs/year

104037磅/年÷ 52周/年=2001磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you fill18立方码垃圾桶,每周三次,然后:

2501lbs/yd*(1个垃圾桶*8码)*三pickups/week) = 6,000 lbs of total disposed waste/week

6,000 lbs * 36% of total waste = 2,160 lbs/week = 1.1 tons of food waste in one week

If you have80名员工,然后:

1305磅/员工/年*80名员工=104400磅/年

104,400 lbs/year ÷ 52 weeks/year = 2,008 lbs/week = 1.1 ton of food waste per year

1基于处理废物重量的方程式假设重量为250 lbs/ydwaste. It is the lower range of the EPA’s standard conversion factor for uncompacted mixed MSW (residential, institutional, commercial): 1 ydmixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

2该指标使用整个酒店的全职员工的同等数量作为代理,以说明员工、客人和其他顾客在整个酒店产生的所有食物浪费。万博下载客户端

小费:The Northeast Waste Management Officials’ Association (NEWMOA) has developed a绿色住宿计算器这项研究估计了为酒店业量身定做的各种可持续做法的环境效益和财务节约。

绿色住宿计算器

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餐厅

单击此处对于可打印的,请填写本商业餐厨垃圾处理禁令阈值估算指南的版本。万博下载客户端

注意:RecyclingWorks now breaks out all forms of estimating food waste by the NAICS code definition for limited and full-service restaurants. Limited-Service Restaurants (NAICS 722211)被定义为“主要从事提供食品服务的机构……顾客通常在这里点菜或挑选食物,并在用餐前付款。”全方位服务的餐馆(NAICS 722511号) are defined as “establishments primarily engaged in providing food services to patrons who order and are served while seated … and pay after eating. Actual food waste generation rates within each of these categories can vary widely. Factors such as whether your establishment prepares food from scratch, offers buffet-style dining, or has mostly patrons that eat-in can contribute to higher amounts of food waste. Take into account your restaurant’s operations when considering which metric to use.

restaurants estimation formulas

如果你是一家提供全方位服务的餐厅2000餐in one week, then:

每餐1磅*每周供应2000顿=每周2000磅=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you are a limited-service restaurant serving4,000 mealsin one week, then:

0.5磅/顿*4000顿/周=2000磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

如果你是一家提供全方位服务的餐厅三5 employees,然后:

3000磅/员工/年*35名全职员工=产生105000磅食物垃圾/年万博下载客户端

105,000 lbs/year ÷ 52 weeks/year = 2,019 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你是一家服务有限的餐厅48名员工,然后:

2200磅/员工/年*48名全职员工=产生105600磅食物垃圾/年万博下载客户端

105,600 lbs/year ÷ 52 weeks/year = 2,031 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

If you are a full-service restaurant and fill1trash dumpster at 8 cubic yards 2 times per week,然后:

2501lbs/yd*(1个垃圾桶*8码)*2辆皮卡/周)=每周处理的废物总量为4000磅

4000磅*总垃圾的66%=2640磅/周=一周内1.3吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you are a fast-food restaurant and fill1trash dumpster at 8 cubic yards 2 times per week,然后:

2501lbs/yd*(1个垃圾桶*8码)*2辆皮卡/周)=每周处理的废物总量为4000磅

4000磅*总垃圾的51%=2040磅/周=一周内1.0吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

1基于处理废物重量的方程式假设重量为250 lbs/ydwaste. It is the lower range of the EPA’s standard conversion factor for uncompacted mixed MSW (residential, institutional, commercial): 1 ydmixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

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超市和杂货店

单击此处对于一个可打印的,填写本商业食品废物处理禁令阈值估计指南版本的超市和杂货店。万博下载客户端

超级市场估算公式

If you have三5 full-time employees,然后:

3000磅/员工/年*35名全职员工=产生105000磅食物垃圾/年万博下载客户端

105,000 lbs/year ÷ 52 weeks/year = 2,019 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

If you fill1trash dumpster at 8 cubic yards 2 times per week,然后:

2501lbs/yd(1 trash dumpster * 8 yd*2辆皮卡/周)=每周处理的废物总量为4000磅

4000磅*总垃圾的63%=2520磅/周=一周内1.3吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

1基于处理废物重量的方程式假设重量为250 lbs/ydwaste. It is the lower range of the EPA’s standard conversion factor for uncompacted mixed MSW (residential, institutional, commercial): 1 ydmixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

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场馆和活动

单击此处对于可打印的,请填写本《商业食品废弃物处理禁令阈值估算指南》(适用于场馆和活动)。万博下载客户端

venues and events estimation formulas

For resorts and conference properties:

If you have476个座位,然后:

0.6 lbs/seat/day * 476 seats = 286 lbs/day

286磅/天*7天/周=2002磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you serve2000餐in one week, then:

1磅/餐*2000份服务餐/周=2000磅/周=一周内1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

For large venues and events2:

If you have4,450 visitors in one week,然后:

0.45磅/访客*4450名访客=2002磅=一周内1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

If you fill2trash dumpsters at 8 cubic yards 2 times per week,然后:

2501lbs/yd*(2个垃圾桶*8码)*2辆皮卡/周)=每周处理的废物总量为8000磅

8000磅*总垃圾的25%=2000磅/周=一周内产生1吨食物垃圾万博下载客户端

1基于处理废物重量的方程式假设重量为250 lbs/ydwaste. It is the lower range of the EPA’s standard conversion factor for uncompacted mixed MSW (residential, institutional, commercial): 1 ydmixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

2Large venues and events include convention centers, stadiums, theme parks, performing art centers, movie theaters, fairgrounds, special event sites (e.g. parades, sporting events, festivals), and miscellaneous venues (e.g. museums, zoos).

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商业部门估算来源

加利福尼亚Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle). Business Group Waste Stream Calculator. 2016
https://www2.calrecycle.ca.gov/WasteCharacterization/BusinessGroupCalculator

Cascadia Consulting Group.选定工业集团的废物处置和转移调查结果. 编号:341-2006-0006。加州环境保护局,2006年6月。
https://www2.calrecycle.ca.gov/Publications/Details/1184.

佛罗里达州Department of Environmental Protection.佛罗里达惩教设施废物减少和回收指南. 凯斯勒咨询公司,2004年1月。
https://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/docs/cr/stateagency/casestudies/florida.pdf.

食物滚e Reduction Alliance.美国食品制造商、零售商和批发商的食万博下载客户端品浪费分析. BSR,2013年4月。http://www.foodwastealliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/FWRA_BSR_Tier2_FINAL.pdf.

马萨诸塞州环境保护部。麻萨诸塞州食物垃圾和食物垃圾产生者的识别、特征描述和绘图。万博下载客户端德雷珀/列侬公司,2002年9月。http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dep/recycle/priorities/foodwast.pdf.

Massachusetts Restaurant Association. Interview by Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. 2013.

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).估计城市一级食物垃圾的数量和类型万博下载客户端.October 2017.https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/food-waste-city-level-report.pdf

Nichols, P., C. Porter, L. Hammond, and B. Arjmandi. “Food Intake May Be Determined by Plate Waste in a Retirement Living Center.”美国饮食协会学报102.8 (2002): 1142-144.

Northeast Waste Management Official’s Association (NEWMOA).From Behavior Change to Environmental Outcomes In Sustainable Hospitality: Metrics, Formulas, Variables, & Assumptions. 2011年6月。http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/projects/hospitality/ 从行为改变到环境结果.pdf.

ReFED.减少20%美国食物浪费的路线图。报告:技术附录万博下载客户端.2016.https://www.refed.com/downloads/ReFED_Technical_Appendix.pdf

美国Environmental Protection Agency. Food Waste Management Cost Calculator. 2009.https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2017-01/foodcost3.xls

佛蒙特州Agency of Natural Resources.食物废料发生器数据库计算.May 2014.http://anrmaps.vermont.gov/websites/Organics/documents/FoodScrapGeneration_Calculations-Final.pdf

Williams, Peter G., and Karen Walton. “Plate Waste in Hospitals and Strategies for Change.”欧洲临床营养与代谢电子杂志6th Ser. 6 (2011).

WRAP.The Composition of Waste Disposed of by the UK Hospitality Industry. 2011年7月。http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/The_Composition_of_Waste_Disposed_of_by_the_UK _酒店\行业\最终\ 2011年7月\ GP\编辑.54efe0c9.11675.pdf.

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