Massachusetts的Recyclingworks开发了办公室和机构家具和设备重用的最佳管理实践。万博手机手机登录app2018年春季,Recyclingworks召开了一系列与商业,机构和市政利益攸关方和办公家具和设备服务提供商的会议。这些会议在2018年5月3日在Devens的Devens Eco效率中心举行,生态化讨价还价Springfield on May 17, 2018, and The Furniture Trust in Boston May 24, 2018, sparked conversations about best practices for the reuse of office furniture, the roles different service providers play in the furniture and equipment removal and reuse process, and end-of-life considerations. To expand on the information collected during the meetings, RecyclingWorks also conducted outreach to service providers that were unable to attend the meetings and to office furniture and equipment exchange and reuse organizations across the United States. The information gained from stakeholder meetings and interviews was used to create this guidance document.

This document is intended to be a resource for corporations, institutions such as colleges and universities, schools, and hospitals, property managers responsible for commercial buildings, and state facilities with surplus furniture and equipment. If you are affiliated with a state facility, please begin by reviewing the specifics outlined in the State Facilities section.

内容

重复使用的好处万博手机手机登录app

将剩余家具与重复使用出口连接的企业:万博手机手机登录app

  • 通过转移办公室家具和设备来实现积极的环境影响。
  • 通过为需要它的企业和个人提供家具来丰富社区。
  • 与处置成本相比,经常省钱。

环境的

连接剩余家具和设备通过防止出售的环境影响,以及提供收件人的环境影响,以及提供新产品的替代品的替代品,万博手机手机登录app以及提供新产品。根据这一点EPA关于耐用品的数据,家具目前是美国最不回收的货物之一,每年送到垃圾填埋场1000万吨家具,主要以木材和钢铁的形式。与其他垃圾填埋场浪费一样,这些材料厌氧上分解,产生有害温室气体,如万博平台网址多少甲烷(CH4),温室气体比二氧化碳更有效21倍,并将有毒物质浸出到土壤和地下水中。万博平台网址多少家具浪费的剩余时间超过200万吨,被送到耗能的能源植物以焚烧能量,释放二氧化碳(CO2) and nitrous oxide (N20)进入空中。通过重用从处理中转移家具可以防止这些有害污染物的释放。万博手机手机登录app

选择重复使用也可以万博手机手机登录app防止制造,运输和销售新家具和设备的有害环境影响。这包括防止从收获,加工,包装和材料运输中释放温室气体。万博平台网址多少这也通过开采和其他材料提取过程减少了空气和水的污染。如果没有正确管理,木制家具的树木收获可以减少在碳的封存中起重要作用的森林密度。

Community, Social, and Corporate

可供可能无法负担新家具的组织提供的盈余家具和设备可以在本地,全国和国际上丰富社区。盈余家具对慈善组织特别有利于提供经济上弱势群体或受自然灾害影响的社区的慈善组织。

将剩余家具连接到需要的社区可以作为一个优秀的故事,证明了公司对社区和环境的承诺。您的捐赠新闻可以与当地和区域媒体网点,同事和客户共享,并且可以成为您的业务或机构的自豪感。

节约成本

The United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates that U.S. businesses and institutions pay to dispose of more than8.5 million tons of office assets each year。同时,每年的处置成本正在上升,并且是预计将在2021年增加6%。幸运的是,企业和机构认识到选择重用处理可能有助于降低沉积成本。万博手机手机登录appIRN的重用网络提供万博手机手机登录app了许多案例研究,说明了这些节省,包括波士顿渣康复医院。During a move in 2013, the hospital identified reuse outlets for 1,781 surplus items, which saved the hospital 50% of the cost it would have paid for disposal.

Additionally, the商业和机构家具制造商协会(BIFMA)估计,2016年企业和机构花费了158.3亿美元的商业家具设备的采购。组织可以通过购买二手家具和设备来节省资金。有关更多信息,请参阅采购最佳实践的部分。

如何开发重用计划万博手机手机登录app

为了帮助管理重用努力的后勤考虑,尽早为不需要的家具和设备创建计划至关重要。万博手机手机登录app更换家具或设备时,计划应在购买更换物品之前开始。对于大型项目,这应该在初始项目规划阶段发生。从下面的清单开始以简化规划流程,并在建立时间表和开发详细库存的情况下了解以下部分。

  • Identify relevant stakeholders并传达您的意图来重用优先级。万博手机手机登录app与所涉及的任何合作伙伴密切合作非常重要,以确保每个人都了解为什么重用很重要。万博手机手机登录app一些普通伙伴包括:
    • 设计团队包括建筑师,室内设计师等。
    • 建筑/拆迁承包商
    • 内部利益相关者,如
      • 建筑物/设施管理人员
      • 采购部
      • 营销和/或通信部门
      • 可持续发展协调员或员工“绿色队”
    • Establish a project timeline
    • Develop a detailed inventory.

Establishing a Project Timeline and Budget

To ensure that your furniture and equipment is effectively diverted from disposal and reused, planning ahead is key. Although there isn’t a universal rule of thumb for how early to start planning, service providers are usually able to better accommodate不受时钟紧张的限制的客户。通过为重用项目允许额外的时间,当您等到最后一分钟时,您可以访问更万博手机手机登录app多的潜在插座。出于这个原因,计划提前增加了您发现对接受剩余物品感兴趣的出口的可能性,并与处置相比省钱。

对于较小的项目,开始考虑您决定订购更换家具和设备的不需要物品会发生什么。对于更大的装修和建设项目,家具重用及其影响应成为与设计者,建筑师,承包商和其他合作伙伴进行初始对话的一部分,在讨论时间表万博手机手机登录app和预算时。

Establish your project budget early, recognizing that there are costs associated with the movement, storage, and transportation of materials regardless of whether they are being reused, recycled, or disposed of in the trash. Compared to the cost of disposal, outlets that facilitate reuse often help businesses and institutions save money. However, the potential savings vary depending both on the outlet and the makeup of your inventory.

当目的地重用而不是处置时,在建筑物中移动家具和设备的劳动力成本可能会更大,而不是在不损坏它们的情况下处理物品并仔细拆卸较大的碎片。万博手机手机登录app请注意,如果您在使用熟练工会劳动力以进行商业移动的位置,则可能会花费更多。通过在项目开头开始的这些变量来避免任何意外费用。

You may also choose a reuse outlet with decommissioning services, which take a multi-faceted approach to furniture and equipment reuse, charging clients a fee to facilitate the removal, refurbishing, donation, resale, and/or recycling of all surplus items. When using decommissioning services, you should plan ahead several months in advance to allow enough time for success. Decommissioning fees generally include transportation and storage. The total cost savings for choosing decommissioning over disposal is highly dependent on the value of the furniture and equipment.

开发详细的库存

您拥有的剩余家具和设备的库存,它在哪些条件以及它所在的位置为促进光滑过程提供了一个新的家庭的基础。通常,企业创建由建筑物中的位置组织的项目的电子表格,其中包括有关每种类型家具的几个关键信息。理想情况下,包括每个项目的照片清楚地说明可用的内容。一些退役服务提供商作为其服务的一部分,将此库存开发。这可以节省您的时间,但也增加了成本。

If creating your own inventory, collect the following information on each piece of surplus furniture and equipment. This can be a good project for interns or student workers.

  • 项目类型
    • Office chair, conference room table, etc
  • 数量of each item type
    • How many chairs, desks, etc.?
  • 质量
    • 它是从知名设计房子或折扣盒商店购买的吗?
    • 是商业成绩吗?
  • 状况
    • 它是新的,良好,公平的还是差的条件?
    • Is it free of stains and scratches, and does it sit level on the ground?
    • 是否有机机械组件功能?例如,抽屉轻松滑行吗?

  • Dimensions
    • 什么是高度,宽度和长度?
  • 详细说明
    • 颜色和/或图案。它是风格吗?
    • 它是由什么万博平台网址多少材料制成的?如果是木材,是实木,胶合板或刨花板吗?这家商品是软垫吗?
    • Note the make & model number if this information is readily available.
  • 相片)
    • 拍摄每种类型的项目是清楚地传达可用的最佳方式

点击这里下载用于拍摄您的物品的模板。

In addition to documenting surplus items and their location(s), also take note of what will impact the logistics of removing furniture from the building. For instance, take note of whether there is a loading dock. If not, indicate building entrances and locations where one or more trucks can park while loading. If the building has multiple stories, note whether there is an elevator.

潜在的再利用网点万博手机手机登录app

您的项目时间表,预算和库存可通知您的情况可能是可行的。由于没有一种尺寸适合的所有解决方案来确定适当的选项,查找几个插座以找到最适合您的剩余物品。下面的每个部分都包括一个摘要表,该表描述了通常适合每个插座的情况。点击这里要查看描述每种类型的重用插座的完整比较表。万博手机手机登录app

如果您从国家设施分配剩余财产,请跳到国家设施section for information on the State Surplus Property Program, state contracts relevant to the dispersal of surplus property, and the Uniform Procurement Act.

Size of organization 质量 状况 数量 旧项目通常被接受? Timeline Storage Needed Transportation typically provided? Savings potential compared to disposal
内部重复使用万博手机手机登录app 中小到大 高或低 Like New, Good, Easily repairable Smaller 改变 改变 现场 No High
本地网点 Any 高或低 好,公平 Smaller 是的 天到几周 现场 改变 中等的
国家/国际展示 高或低 好,公平 较大 是的 Weeks to Months 现场 是的 中等的
清算/翻新 Any High Like New, Good Any No Weeks to Months 场外 是的 中等的
拍卖行 Any High Like New, Good 较小或收藏品 No 几个月 场外 是的 High

内部重复使用万博手机手机登录app

Furniture and equipment may be reused internally in different configurations, departments, or buildings. Internal reuse is often most viable for large businesses and institutions with multiple facilities, as it is contingent on an organization’s need for the furniture. Furniture in need of repair may also be sent to be refurbished and then returned for internal reuse. Internal reuse can offer substantial cost-savings, as it eliminates both the cost of disposal and the procurement of new items. It generally involves coordination across the organization and thus requires good internal communication channels. Access to on-site storage can help facilitate on-site reuse; however, if storing surplus items, make sure they are well-catalogued so that there is a record of surplus furniture on hand. Assorted items stored in a basement or storage room tend to remain unused unless there is clear documentation on precisely what has been stored for future use.

本地网点

向本地商店提供剩余物品可以提供成本节约,同时也对社区产生积极影响,并提供业务和机构,以“感觉良好”的故事分享。剩余家具的潜在当地接受者包括重用业务(例如救世军,人类恢复的栖息地,Devens eCoeffity Cente万博手机手机登录appr),非营利组织,小型企业,学校,市,或交换店。家具也可以捐赠给职业技术学校进行维修或翻新,然后重用。万博手机手机登录app考虑使用社交媒体将可用的剩余材料直接播放给您的社区成员。万博平台网址多少许多本地商店对家具特别感兴趣,这些家具可用于住宅环境,例如沙发,椅子,书架和书桌。

National/International Placement

There are a variety of reuse outlets that specialize in matching surplus furniture with communities in need in the United States and internationally. Through networks of charitable and nonprofit organizations, these outlets connect surplus materials with recipients, such as schools and individuals impacted by poverty or a natural disaster. Because recipient agencies often subsidize transportation costs, the cost of working with these outlets tends to be similar to or less expensive than disposal. These outlets are often a one-stop option that will take large quantities of furniture of all types and conditions. They will find placement for functional items, refurbish broken items, and recycle items not suitable for reuse. In addition to connecting surplus materials to recipients in need, these outlets may offer full decommissioning services at an additional cost.

清算/翻新

具有高质量剩余家具和设备的企业可能能够通过第三方转售或清算物品。型号的高品质家具和“像新的”条件的最佳清算市场。如果它们磨损或造成风格,可以翻新,特别是优质的物品。如果您有各种剩余物品,则可能需要识别替代商品的替代商品。家具清液器经常从您的设施直接收集物品,因此通常不需要储存或运输。

拍卖房屋

拍卖房屋提供较便宜的出口,可用于高品质的产品。他们将为您的业务,生活和/或在线拍摄,宣传和执行拍卖。拍卖房屋保留百分比的利润或收取固定费用,但通常能够为物品的更大的回报而不是其他网点。然而,通常只有一小部分企业或机构的盈余是适合拍卖的。因此,即使拍卖某些项目,大多数实体也需要查找其他剩余项目的其他插座,增加时间和复杂性对处置。

国家设施

State Surplus Property Program

All surplus furniture and equipment belonging to Massachusetts state facilities must be processed through theState Surplus Property Program。该计划由运营服务部门管理,并规定如何向行政部门,市政当局,许可的非营利组织和公众提供多余的物品,包括办公设备和家具。国家设施应遵循下面的清单,并在(617)720-3170中联系国家盈额办公室,以获得其他援助。

  • 宣布盈余物业 - 国家设施必须宣布任何盈余财产that is either no longer needed, being replaced, damaged, or beyond repair to the State Surplus Property Office by completing a盈余财产宣言 - OSD 25表格
  • 项目已添加到国家盈余房产上市,并与其他行政部门的盈余财产申请进行比较。
  • 30天后,将向城镇提供无人认领的盈余财产,以基于项目年龄,条件和收购价值或原始成本的行政费用。同样,许可的非营利组织有资格在出版物50天后获得剩余财产,以获得相同费用。
  • 60天后,国家盈余办公室协调员将确定是否可以拍卖或捐赠国家盈余财产方案未申请的任何材料。万博平台网址多少

通过国家盈余财产计划进行后,国家设施可能能够通过一个重用服务提供商万博手机手机登录appStatewide Contract (SWC)or by utilizing the state’s Uniform Procurement Act (第30章)。

全州合同与家具和设备重用相关万博手机手机登录app

If your facility has surplus furniture and equipment that remains unclaimed through the State Surplus Property Program, you may use vendors from any of the following国家合同to find outlets for furniture or equipment. If using a state contract, the facility does not need to meet the requirements outlined by the state统一采购法案(Chapter 30B).

  • FAC86- 固体垃圾和回收服务州全套合同用户指南(更新:11/20/18)。合同包括出售未转让给任何其他合格实体的财产,并被视为毫无价值。本合同包括IRN:重用网络万博手机手机登录app
  • FAC96.- 记录管理,存储和归档服务和移动服务州所有合同(更新:11/20/18)。本合同指南解释说,任何国家部门寻求过时的家具清除服务应使用目前被确定为FAC86类别2庞大的废物的固体废物和回收服务合同。本合同还包括移动服务。
  • FAC90- 地毯和床垫回收服务州所有合同。本合同包括ACE床垫回收,原料恢复公司and联合青少年平等中心(UTEC)。While this is not a reuse contract, this provides recycling services for carpet and mattresses that are not fit for donation.
  • FAC82- 危险/普通,医疗,电子废物处理和紧急响应州全套合同。虽然这不是重用合同,但本合同为电子商用的万博手机手机登录app电子提供了无法重复使用或捐赠的电子产品。

统一采购法案(Chapter 30B)

国家设施与无人认领的家具或设备,不希望利用国家合同必须遵循所概述的程序统一采购法案(第30B章)查找物品的插座。

根据第30章,国家设施必须使用具体的处置程序,包括根据物品的货币价值进行转售,捐赠,回收或处置。超过七年的物品是considered to be devalued. Items under seven years should be appraised for their current resale or salvage value. After appraisal, for supplies with a resale or salvage value of less than $10,000, the facility may find an outlet using sound business practices, using written procedures approved by the facility. For supplies valued at $10,000 or more, the state facility may offer the items through a competitive sealed bid, public auction (via Municibid) or established markets. These items must also be advertised through specific advertising protocol. See the第30章law for more detail.

According to Chapter 30B, state facilities may also donate items to 501(C)(3) organizations and thereby avoid needing to follow the Chapter 30B procedures. They must ensure that the donation act does not violate the反援助修正案。州设施还可以在州或国家捐赠给其他政府机构,而不遵循第30B章进程。

生命终端回收和处置考虑因素

For items in poor condition that are not suitable for reuse or repair, consider recycling or safe disposal options.

Recycling

如果物品不适合重用或维修,请考虑将其发送回收。万博手机手机登录app物品可以通过回收插座或收集其他物品的出口来回收以进行再利用。万博手机手机登录app金属家具是最容易回收的,因为金属通过加工保持其价值并保持稳定的终端市场。床垫再循环是一个新兴市场;床垫再循环员,如ACE床垫回收,原料恢复公司and联合青少年平等中心(UTEC),拆卸床垫,将金属弹簧,木材和纺织品连接到终端市场。大多数木制家具都不可回收,因为它染色或包括粘合剂,并且没有像清洁木材一样的回收出口。

Safe Disposal

对于在没有回收市场的非常差的条件下的家具,您需要识别安全的处置渠道。这也可能是某些家具物品的唯一出口,这些家具物品已经用铅基油漆或阻燃剂治疗,这对人们的健康有害,阻止他们免于重用。万博手机手机登录app

收购重复使用的项目万博手机手机登录app

考虑家具和设备在采购时的长期影响也很重要。重新评估您的家具供应商可能适合与您的组织可持续发展目标保持一致。

采购二手家具和设备可导致重大的金融储蓄,往往高达60-80%。一些重复使万博手机手机登录app用的家具零售商包括在全州的采购合同上,储蓄可能更大,对于有权获得这些合同的国家机构,市政当局和非营利组织甚至更大。采购使用的物品可防止它们被抛弃并减少对额外家具生产的需求,可节省材料并减少上游碳冲击。万博平台网址多少

Businesses should also aim to purchase durable furniture, which extends the life of your items and will reduce the number of items going to landfill.

一些制造商提供拆卸指令s, parts that can be easily-replaced, take-back programs, or end-of-life recycling programs. Items that can be easily repaired or modified with replacement parts can offer a savings over purchasing a new replacement. Dedicated take-back or end-of-life recycling programs reduce the amount of reusable or recyclable furniture that is sent for disposal after its useful service lifetime.

资源

Below is a list of additional resources and organizations. If you have any questions about diverting furniture or office equipment from disposal, call the RecyclingWorks hotline at1-888-254-5525或电子邮件info@RecyclingWorksMA.com

*Outlet provides decommissioning services

本地网点
Devens Eco-Efficiency Center
新鲜的开始家具
善意行业
救世军
人类恢复的栖息地
家庭用品
我兄弟的守护者
New Life Furniture Bank
东北重复使用市场万博手机手机登录app
Re-Stream*
家具信托*

全国/国际展示网点
IRN:重用网络万博手机手机登录app*
GRRO国际
绿色标准*

清算人/翻新器
重生基础
康普林办公家具
创意办公室亭子
Davies Office Furniture
折扣办公家具
EthoCenter
家具军医
理想的办公室
Kentwood Office Furniture
列克星敦集团
曼哈顿修复
净五秒办公家具,LLC
东北物料处理
Northeast Office Solutions
Office Furniture Center*
Transfer Enterprises*

拍卖房屋
马萨诸塞犬拍卖煤协会
皇冠拍卖
Frank Ronne & Associates
伟大的美国集团
约瑟夫芬兰有限公司
Stanley J. Paine Auckeers

床垫再循环/捐赠
ACE床垫回收
原料恢复公司
UTEC Mattress Recycling
愿望项目

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